English Course

English Course




 LESSON 01 - 07/10/2015

To reply = to answer
I guess you are a teacher becouse I saw your diary ---> to guess = to assume, to presume
NOTE: "I guess" is a phrase that can be used in response to almost any situation or comment. its versatility is clearly its strongest asset. popular uses include expressing disdain for something or someone, expressing uncertainty or confusion, expressing the irony and absurdity of a situation, expressing sarcasm, or expressing apathy towards something or someone.
Rome ethernal city
Sometimes ---> remember the S!!!
I like to listen to English sound
I studied to be a teacher
There are too many people fot the job
I lived in Milan for three years
For me it's important .....
A minute (si pronuncia minit se è nome, si pronuncia mainiut se è aggettivo!)
Man - men ---------- Woman - women
C.A.E. = Course of Advanced English
To shout = gridare, vociare, sbraitare
To challange us
I'm good at English
Bet = scommessa
Penguin books 1995 (fotocopia)
Bad (adj) ---- badly (adv)ù
To borrow (prendere in prestito)
To lend (prestare)
Hardly ever = almost never

Open this link for Phrasal Verbs
http://www.slideshare.net/alescatta/phrasal-verbs-54060047


LESSON 02 - 14/10/2015

VOCABULARY:
Snow = neve         flakes = fiocchi         snowflakes = fiocchi di neve       cornflakes = fiocchi di mais      sweet = caramella     mint sweet = caramelle di menta
SPEAKING:
I like to use the computer;   I like to use my computer
That's not in my mind
Don't give up on your dream
To look up the dictionary = cercare le parole nel vocabolario
To go through the door way = passare oltre la porta
Tissue = paper
Get over = superare
take up = imparare, per esempio una lingua
Well = il suo contrario è Badly (adv)
Good = il suo contrario è Bad (adj)
I will cut down on them = semtterò con queste ....
Where did you grew up? (dove sei cresciuto?)

LISTENING EXERCISE (tratto dal libro di testo First Certificate ed. Cambridge) - YOURSELF AND OTHERS

ESERCIZI SULLE FOTOCOPIE - REVISION
News is not plural! It is uncountable!
I think so  ---- I think not
EXERCISE N°3
Unpredictable --- sympathetic --- unreasonable --- challenging --- thoughtful --- decisional
predict (noun) ---> predictable (adj)
sympathy (noun) ---> sympathetic (adj)
reason (noun) ---> reasonable (adj)
challenge (noun) ---> challenging (adj)
thought (noun) ---> Thoughtful (adj)
decision (noun) ---> decisional (adj)
EXERCISE N°4
Relaxing --- reliable --- practicable --- terrifying --- astonished --- aggressive --- competitive --- childish --- puzzling --- exhausted
relax ---> realxing
rely ---> reliable
practice ---> practicable
terrify ---> terrifuing
aggression ---> aggressive
astonish ---> astonishing = sorprendente      astonished = stupito, sorpreso
compete ---> competitive
child ---> childish
puzzle ---> puzzling  (rebus, rompicapo, mistero)
exhaust ---> exhausted

TEST: RIGHT OR WRONG (fotocopia)

PHRASAL VERBS WITH TAKE
TAKE OFF = suddenly start being successful
TAKE AFTER = be like, resemble (character)
TAKE UP = accept the offer
TAKE OVER = assume control of a company or organisation
TAKE BACK = make someone nostalgic: "That song always takes me back to when I was at University"


LESSON 03 - 21/10/2015

SPEAKING:
You are supportive of me
We supported you
The bell is ringing
Fashinated / fashinating
Thoughtful / thoughtless
Useful / useless
Decisive ( si pronuncia disaisive)
To depend on you
I can be sure that you will do what yuo promised
Terrific: has a good meaning!
Astonishing --- I'm astonished
Childish = when someone behaves like a child (negative)
Childlike = innocent (positive)
Exhausted : "I'm exhausted because the day was exhausting"
To attend : "I attend at the school"
You will pass the certificate
Progress --- promotion
Next week copy two e-mails and bring here
Jargon = gergo
P & L (acronym) = si legge P and L = Profit and loss
Brilliant answer
Pick up = per esempio imparare una lingua
Go on
Go down
I'm not sure, but maybe .... (da usare nelle risposte per prendere tempo)
Listening to music
To absorb the sounds
Gig ( si pronuncia ghig)
Jig ( si pronuncia gig)
Blues ---> BBking, Steve Vougham (si pronuncia voum)
Appreciative
Frame of mind
I love listening to ...
I love speaking to ...
I love looking to ...
It depends on ...
Young, fresh and exiting
I'm impressed by your musical konwledge
Go on the computer
To have a friends around
To go to a gig
To watch television --- To watch the TV ( due significati diversi)
A long time ago
To have control over yourself

LISTENING EXERCISE : PAG 6 n°4
Relax - do - stay - go - large - close
Close --- closed (hanno due significati diversi)

EXERCISE N° 5
1) watching - my mood
2) staying - have a friends around
3) playing the guitar
4) doing yoga
5) computer games
6) for a pizza

EXERCISE N°7 (notes)  (appunti della conversazione)
If I'll be in good health

I will be teaching
We'll be playing...
I'll be taking care of my grandchildren (future continuous)
I will be retired
City center is amazing
I've known them for 15 years
We do many activities togheter
Demanding ---> they want a lot from me
To pretend
To be precise
She expects a lot from me

EXERCISE N°9 (on the book)

HOMEWORKS:
gapped text pag. 8 - N°2 - N°3 - N°4 - N°7
PAG 10: N°1 - N°2

LESSON 04 - 28/10/2015

TOP 6 WEB-BASED SERVICES TO TEXT-TO-SPEECH CONVERSION
1) http://www.naturalreaders.com/onlinetts.php
2) http://www.spokentext.net/
3) http://www.ispeech.org/#/home
4) http://www.readthewords.com/
5) http://vozme.com/index.php?lang=en
6) http://www.text2speech.org/


Copy and past the following text to the "Text to speech" software and hear:
ARE MUSIC TRIBES A THING OF THE PAST?

There was a time when the average person formed their opinion about pop music not just on what they heard, but also on their reaction to the many groups of young people who followed the very different kinds of music. These impressions were based on the clothes they wore as much as their behavior in general. The style-conscious mods of the 1960s would roam around on their scooters all day, getting off only for an occasional fight with passing rockers, identified by their powerful motorbikes, greased hair and leather jackets. And in the 70s and 80s, punks would dye their hair pink and terrorize grannies, or at least that is how came across in the media. But when was the last time a new kind of music was associated with a particular group of youths in the same way?

These days you can't always tell what music someone likes just by looking at them. People now seem less likely hold on tight to their cultural identity, which means that, although tribes still exist, they are looser and broader than before. This change is probably due to the fact that music is now accessed in very different ways, with people able to listen to it at any time. hardly any young people remember pop culture before the Internet, when records were bought rather than streamed or downloaded.

Neither have they experienced a time when they were limited to tracks they could hear on the radio or get on a cassette from friends.

19-year-old Bianca Munyankore agrees that the excitement of listening to a song you waited to buy has probably gone.

However. the freedom of simply listening to whatever you want, whenever you want more than makes up for that feeling.

In any case, saving up to buy a CD means you wouldn't be exploring any other music, and she believes an openness to music is now natural part of being young.

Music writer and teacher Neil Kulkarni observers that although sub-cultures still exist, they are no longer participated in with pride or any form of aggression. “These days, rather than making any kind of statement, it's just a way for kids to say what kind of music they're into.

And a lot of youngsters are now finding that their taste overlaps with other groups.

The Internet has made them more prepared to listen to things that they wouldn't necessarily have expected to like and, as a result, there are more connections between sub-cultures”

So does that mean that tribes are, in fact, expanding rather than dying?

Author Paul Hodkinson thinks so; he believes the fact that pop tribes have changed over the years means that they've succeeded rather than failed. If other people find you odd, and if that makes you unpopular, it's important to connect with other people like you ”He says. He rejects the claim that angry mods and rockers and rebellious punks were driven by a spirit of protest, explaining, “The desire to be part of a group is often about far less exciting things, such as trying to make friends or having something to do”.

Mass communication has meant that sharing music is now easy.

Another consequence of this is that all kinds of music are now found much more in the mainstream.
The most underground metal or hip-hop can be found not just on the Internet, bur even on TV; many musicians make their money from TV or adverts rather than from fans buying music or concert tickets.
Perhaps the biggest change to pop tribes, though, is that they are no longer restricted to young people. Today, audiences for punk gigs or metal nights range in age from 16-60 and mix well together.

Which appears to show that, if a pop tribe means anything these days, it seems to be about a set of tastes, rather than a stage of life you go through before reaching adulthood.

LISTENING EXERCISE PAG 4 N°6
  • relax
  • do
  • stay
  • go
  • large
  • close
NOTA SU "close":
The door is closed
Close friends

LISTENING EXERCISE N°5
  • what ... my mood
  • staying ... have a friends around
  • playing the guitar
  • doing yoga
  • computer games
  • for pizza
EXERCISE N°7
EXERCISE N°9
NOTES DURING CONVERSATION:
  • Consumption
  • Resign (si pronuncia risai)
  • Drop oput --- achive
  • Make up ---> to kiss and make up ---> to invent
  • Look after ---> be helpful for a visit
  • Yeast --- lievito
  • Rise a child (si pronuncia reis)
  • To put away = metter via
  • To put on = indossare, to wear
  • Taught = past of teach!
LESSON 05 - 18/11/2015

VOCABULARY:
  • workhouse = ospizio per mendicanti, riformatorio
  • beggar = mendicante
  • warehouse = magazzino, deposito
  • doctorate = a course of study (dottorato)
  • I study for a doctorate (PHD)
  • Doctor ON biology
  • I have to start my Phd in november for three years
  • Graduate OF University
  • I don't feel prepared yet
  • This course is a good preparation for his Phd
  • I very much like MTV
  • I used to eat Nutella (in the past)
EXERCISES PAG 13 Coursebook
EXERCISE N°2 PAG 13
EXERCISE N°1 PAG 14
Notes during conversation:
  • I used to be happy
  • I used to be relaxed
  • It's possible to use "uded to" for both states and actions
  • I'm used to ... (present, now!)
  • I used to ... (in the past!)
  • I'm used to study English
  • I'm used to correct a lot of lab reports
  • I used to drink beer
  • To assure = assicurare
  • Life assurance = assicurazione sulla vita
  • To assure against accidents
  • There are only two centain things: death and taxes!
  • Fondly = lovingly --- To be fond of ... = To like it very much
  • I'm fond of this reastaurant
  • I'm fond of this ...
  • I'm not interested in seeing concerts
HOMEWORKS:
EXERCISE N°2 PAG 14 (INFORMAL E-MAIL)
(corrected by my teacher)
Hi Josh!
Thanks for your email, it was great to hear from you. I'll be very happy to meet you next summer and I'm looking forward seeing you too.
I love all music but I prefer classical at live concerts. There are some wonderful music festival every summer in Gorizia and around and you are really lucky: they are totally free! So we don't need tickets! First of all, we could go to "Nei suoni dei luoghi", this is an international music festival and it's very nice because every concert is located in a interesting place such as a historical palace or a beautiful park, so you can discover new amazing locations! But that's not all! I'm also fond of another music festival called "Musica cortese", this is dedicated to baroque music. Every year the audience can appreciate good musicians performing in very atmospheric location of Gorizia's Castle. I'm sure we will enjoy it a lot! I'm waiting for you!
Hope to hear from you soon!
Bye!
Alessandra
EXERCISE N°5 PAG 15 (INFORMAL E-MAIL)
(corrected by my teacher)
Hi Max,
I'm really happy that you'll be here soon to start the new school year at your college. There aren't lots of things to do in the evenings for young guys in Gorizia, but we can find something interesting anyway. A friend of my son plays in a band and they're going to play a gig in a pub, called Kuku, next Saturday, why don't you come?
I'm not used going out in the evenings, but if you are here, we can also decide to eat together with my son's friends at the Kuku, which is a very nice disco-pub and restaurant where we can eat very good food, drink fresh home-made beer and listen live rock music. It could be magic!
You can call me if you need something else. Cheers!

 LESSON 6 - 25/11/2015

Third conditional:
IF + Past Perfect, + Perfect Conditional
If you had gone I’d have gone too.
Se (tu) fossi andato, sarei (andato) venuto anch’io.
If I had won the lottery, I would have bought a new house.
Se avessi vinto alla lotteria mi sarei comprato una nuova casa.
If you had come to the party, you would have had a great time.
Se (tu) fossi venuto alla festa ti saresti divertito molto.
I wouldn’t have met my wife, If I haven’t gone to Paris.
Non avrei conosciuto mia moglie se non fossi andato a Parigi.




EXERCISE n°1 PAG 15
Complete the second sentences so that it has similar meaning to the first sentence.
(on the book)
EXERCISE N°2 PAG 15
Complete the sentences with the present simple or present continuous form of the verbs in brackets.
(on the book)
EXERCISE N°3 PAG 15
Choose the correct word to complete the sentences
(on the book)

HOMEWOKS: PAG 11 N°1
1) Match the phrasal verbs with meanings:
TAKE OFF = become successful
TAKE AFTER = have similar characteristics
TAKE UP = start an activity
TAKE OVER = become responsible for something
TAKE BACK = admit you are wrong
HOMEWOKS: PAG 11  N°2
Read the text about a musician quicky and say what is different about Josh Freese's
relationships with his fans. Don't worry about the gaps yet.


LESSON 7 - 2/12/2015

NOTES DURING THE LESSON:
  • It magnifies the words
  • the light reflects off the page and I can't read
  • can - can't - cannot (talvolta è difficile distinguere nella pronuncia can and can't per cui è meglio dire cannot)
  • so you can find new amazing locations
  • not typical, better characteristic
  • you can discover
  • Venus al posto di location
  • to find out = investigate
  • good musicians performing in the very atmospheric location of Gorizia's castle
  • ATTENZIONE, RICORDARSI DI SCIVERE I PROSSIMI COMPONIMENTI LARGHI, UNA RIGA SI' E UNA NO PER LE CORREZIONI, E SU FOGLIO A RIGHE
  • a dramatic play = a drama
  • a comedy is the opposite of drama
  • comic is the opposite of dramatic
  • dramatic views means incredible views
  • tragicly
  • "Al fiume" is an elegant restaurant
  • Pay a meal until 150 Euro: No! per scrivere si mette prima il simbolo dell'Euro e dopo il numero, senza spazi!
  • Pay up to ..... for a meal
  • It's very expensive
  • I hope you are well
  • If you are interested in going out during the week ....
  • A couple of pubs in Gorizia that offer (organise) pretty events (al posto di pretty si può usare anche good or interesting)
  • I recommand ........
  • You will probably be happy to know ....
  • You are wellcome!
  • Or It's nothing!
  • "Think nothing of it!"
  • To submit ---> or I will
  • I'll hand it in ---> consegnare
  • To hand it in = consegnare
ADJECTIVES IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER (pag 17)
Adjectives and opposites
Adjectives Opposites
able unable
beautiful ugly
charming rude
diffident confident
extrovert introvert
friendly unfriendly
faboulous
gorgeous horrible
hungry
harmful
horrible
indipendent dependent
jealous
kind unkind
lonely
modern
melancholic happy
nervous
original normal or unoriginal
poor rich
poor in spirit
poorly (adverb)
quiet loud or noisy
resolute irresolute
shy
stupid
slim fat
thin
useful
vicious
waise
xenophobic
yellow
young old
zealous unpassioned od cold
zealot

LESSON 8 - 9/12/2015

NOTES DURING THE LESSON:
  • We are not amused (amusing is the thing)
  • Open- minded
  • overbearing - bossy
  • professional inclination
  • who is in comman
  • sociable
  • to break the ice
  • introverted; thoughtful; pessimistic
  • she has the sensen of humor
  • she has a good sense of humor
  • humourous person
  • an alternative sense of humor
  • a forward guy
  • to be "outside of the box" (original, creative)
  • quiet is not quite!!!
  • speechless 8senza parole)
  • a person of few words = quiet man, reserved
  • 2I kkep myslf to myself"
  • to led
  • Aristophane = very funny plays
  • big picture = you look the all things
  • on the one hand ... on the other hand ...
  • my mind is made up
  • to organise a trip for friends
  • for me it's important not to be late
  • i'm not impolite
  • meaningless (insignificante)
  • siblins = fratelli
  • oldest or eldest
  • youngers are more indipendent
LISTENING ACTIVITY N°4 PAG 18
HOMEWORKS FOR NEXT LESSON:
PAG 19 OF COURSEBOOK : ADVERBS
EXERCISES N°3 - 4 -5 AND 6
PAG 13 OF EXAM MAXIMIZER EXERCISE N°1
PAG 14 OF EXAM MAXIMIZER EXERCISES N° 1 AND 2


 LESSON 9 - 16/12/2015

NOTES DURING THE LESSON:
  • She suffers from headache
  • Christmas Eve - New year Eve
  • Christmas Carols
  • to give gifts
  • there are only four of us - there are two of us
  • we play Bingo
  • some of us drink a lot and so we speak loudly
  • political discussions
  • GOOD WILL FOR ALL MEN
  • to confide in you
  • body position - very sporty person
  • you are stareing (verbo to stare = fissare)
  • shifty eyes
  • they are looking at the computer (grandfather and grandson)
  • they look in opposite directions
  • they seem to be twins
  • you must collaborate



SPEAKING PAPER (APPROX. 14 MINUTES) PAG. 206 OF COURSEBOOK
PART 1:
focuses on your general interaction and social language skills.
PART 2:
the focus is on your ability to organise your ideas and express yourself clearly. You will have to compare, describe and express your opinions.
PART 3:
You'll be tested on your range of language and your ability to interact with another person. You'll be expected to exchange and discuss ideas and opinions and invite and respond to your partner's contributions.
PART 4:
focuses on your ability to discuss issues in more depth by giving and justifying opinions, agreeing and disagreeing.

LESSON 10 - 20/01/2016

NOTES DURING THE LESSON:
  • I'll come here
  • I'll go there
  • Hand out (consegna)
  • to go crazy
  • I've taught (ho insegnato) since 1984
  • I've been teaching for a long time
  • I've had a good time (is just finished)
  • We have had a wonderful lunch (not so far time ago)
  • I have never liked Nutella
  • SO FAR SO GOOD (molto usato in inglese!!!)


HOMEWORK:
Exam Maximizer Book:
pag 18 and 19
pag 20 and 21

 LESSON 11 - 27/01/2016

NOTES DURING THE LESSON:
  • grading homework
  • no-one
  • context
  • facilitated - is better to say easier
  • delicate period
  • take care of = to sheperd
  • sheep (che plurale ha?)
  • responsibilities (con la i!)
  • astonished (è un aggettivo forte)
  • really astonished
  • nowadays
  • handwriting (scrittura a mano)
  • to pull something off (phrasal verb) = aver successo in qualcosa
  • We didn't pull it off (di solito si usa dire in una difficile situazione, tipo il Gorizia contro la Juventus!!)
  • By all accounts = a common opinion (secondo il parer di tutti)
  • By some account = there are those who thing so and others not
  • begging = asking "please!" , asking in a dramatic way
  • To paid off = succeeded, become successful, similar to pull off

FROM COURSE BOOK
  • I have never been
  • It has stopped raining
  • I have eaten too much
  • I have written too much
  • Last week I went ...
ATTENZIONE ALLA PRONUNCIA:
  • Have you ever (leggerlo di continuo)
  • I always
  • The one
  • I am
  • Will you always love me?
PAROLE IN CUI NON SI PRONUNCIA LA H:
  • Honest
  • hours
  • honourable
  • heir to the fortune (erede di una fortuna)
  • heirloom (una cosa ereditata di valore, tipo un Rolex!)
ESERCIZI DA PAG 176
21.3 e 21.5
  • I've been to America
  • I've gone to America
  • I've been in a trouble
  • nella parola DEBT non si pronuncia la B
  • little bit cross = essere un po' arrabbiati
  • lately = ultimamente
HOMEWORK:
Exam Maximizer Book:
pag 23 N°1 e N°2

LESSON 12 - 03/02/2016

LEARN ENGLISH WATCHING VIDEOS
1) DOCTOR WHO (open the link)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MUMV4BLaSkw
2) MIRANDA (open the link)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0GGLvbUVfL8
3) FAWLTY TOWERS )open the link)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5035TY5RSpg
 
LESSON 13 - 11/02/2016

Notes during the lesson:
  • GP = General Practicioner
  • You are a GP
  • locum = substitute
  • surgery (ambulatorio)
  • gambling (giochi d'azzardo)
  • plenty = a lot
  • cleric = e.g. a priest
  • ONG in English is NGO
  • huge (enorme, grandissimo, vasto) = very, very very ....
  • property = real estate (proprietà immobiliari)
Exercises pg. 32
MORE or LESS
MOST or LEAST
TO BE ACCUSTOMED = to be used to ...
BY FAR = by a long distance
NEARLY = almost (quasi)

EXERCISES N° 2 AND N°3 PG. 32
WEALTHY = very rich
BEET non è BIT!!!
BIT = a little
A BIT = is the opposite of BY FAR
LOAN = prestito
BANK LOAN = prestito bancario
HOMEWORK:
pg 24 EXAM MAXIMISER


LESSON 14 - 17/02/2016

IRREGULAR VERBS
THE ... THE ... COMPARATIVES

LESSON 15 - 25/02/2016

VERBS AND THEIR PREPOSITIONS

LESSON 16 - 02/03/2016



LESSON 17 - 09/03/2016

Countable and un countable nouns




LESSON 18 - 16/03/2016


VALIANT EFFORT
USE OF ARTICLES: The vatican, The Eiffel Tower, The White House, St.James Park
WHERE ARE THE CHILDREN?
WHERE IS THE POPE?
WHO WAS THE MAN?
I DON'T LIKE BANANAS
FOR THE WORD "INFORMATION" USE OR NO THE ARTICLE DEPNEDING ON THE SENTENCE
I'M LOOKING FOR A STUDENT
THE PLURAL OF "A" IS "SOME"
I NEED SOME STUDENTS
WORDS WITHOUT "THE": LOVE, PEACE, PHILOSOPHY, FREEDOM ....


VOCABULARY PAG. 43 N°1:
YOU MUST ACCEPT SUCCESS
UNSUCCESSFUL
MISREAR
LIKELY - PORBABLE
UNLIKELY - UNPROBABLE
IMPATIENT
IRREGULAR
INCAPABLE


DIZZY
CAPRICIOUS
SHUTERS = tapparelle
CURTAIN = scuri
HOMEWORK FOR NEXT LESSON
choose one Essay between N°1 and n°7 pag. 44


LESSON 19 - 23/03/2016


EMPEROR = imperatore
EMPRESS = imperatrice
Homework revision:
EDIBLE  and INEDIBLE
CAPABLE  and INCAPABLE
TO BACK OUT = indietreggiare
WITHDRAW = ritirare, prelevare, ritirarsi
CORNER OF EYE = coda dell'occhio
TO BE A BIG CHEESE = essere un pezzo grosso
I CAN'T SUFFER FOOLS
I CAN'T SUFFER FROM ...
I CAN'T BEAR IT = non posso sopportarlo
I CAN'T BEAR THE TASTE OF CHILLY = non posso sopportare il gusto del chilly

EAT YOUR HEART OUT!
Lesson n° 5 of Coursebook
Why do people love chilli ? 



Humans, apparently, enjoy torturing themselves. Spiciness, after all, is not a flavour, not like sweet or salty or sour. Spicy means pain. The sensation of spiciness is the result of the activation of pain receptors in the tongue. According to psychologist Paul Rozin of the University of Pennsylvania, about a third of the people around the world eat hot peppers every single day. Why? Because they "love the burn". At a symposium on gastro-psychology during this year's Association for Psychological Science convention, Rozin pointed out that humans are the only species – we know about – that specifically seek out what would otherwise be considered negative events.
Healthy, sane humans do not stab themselves in the thighs, or bathe their eyes in lemon juice. So why do we so love to assault one of the most sensitive organs in the human body, the tongue, with what amounts to chemical warfare? Chillies are unique among foods that we should otherwise not enjoy. For example, humans also have natural aversions to the bitterness of coffee or the harshness of tobacco, but those substances have some addictive qualities, which might make them desirable. Capsaicin, the compound that provides the mouth-watering punch of chillies, does not seem to have any addictive qualities whatsoever. And yet the preference for capsaicin is almost universal; nearly every culture has incorporated it into their cuisine in some way, for milllennia.

HOMEWORK FOR NEXT LESSON:
pag 34 - 35 - 36 - 37 di Exam Maximizer